Hypnotically Induced Emotional States

Since an emotion is generally regarded as a combination of the activities of the ANS, the subjective perception of these activities, and the accompanying ideation, it follows that hypnotically suggested emotional states are closely related to the physiological effects of hypnosis. Because the ANS is generally not under voluntary control, many of the physiological effects producible under hypnosis may in fact be mediated by emotional states that are more directly produced by hypnotic suggestion.

Hodge and Wagner (1964) cited a collection of studies that utilized hypnotically induced emotional states to test the validity of the Rorschach test by inducing various emotional states in subjects and seeing if the resultant Rorschach protocol was changed in the predicted direction (Bergmann, Graham, and Leavitt, 1947; Counts and Mensh, 1950; Lane, 1948; Levine, Grassi, and Gerson, 1943; Mercer and Gibson, 1950; Sarbin, 1939). They then embarked on a line of inverse research designed not to demonstrate the validity of a projective technique but to show the reality of hypnotically suggested emotional states by demonstrating that these states produced appropriate changes in responses to a projective test assumed to be valid. For this purpose, the Hands Test, which consists of nine pictures of a pair of hands in ambiguous positions, was used. The subject was required to describe the activities the hands were engaged in. For a tenth card, which was blank, the subject was required to imagine a set of hands and describe their activities. In the first study, a middle-aged patient was used as the only subject. She was tested in the normal waking condition to establish a baseline and was diagnosed as a passive-dependent personality type. She was then given the test under neutral hypnosis, with remarkably similar results. She was subsequently administered this test under five different hypnotically induced emotional states (with instructions after each testing to forget the test). The five emotional states suggested were:

1. Dwelling on a happy thought.

2. Anticipating a pleasant sexual experience.

3. Unhappiness over her husband leaving her.

4. Anger over unjust criticism.

5. Falling in love.

Hodge found that in each state, the patient's basic personality features were reflected in test results, but the effects of the suggested emotional state were also apparent.

In a follow-up study, seven subjects were tested to permit a statistical analysis of results. Only two induced emotional states, affection and aggression, were used. Responses to the Hands Test obtained in these states were compared to the results obtained from the administration of the test in the waking and neutral hypnosis conditions. In both emotions, it was found that the number of test responses appropriate to the suggested emotion increased from the baseline condition. It was also noted that responses appropriate to the noninduced emotion were lower than in the baseline condition (Hodge, Wag-ner, and Schreiner, 1966a). Hodge, Wagner, and Schreiner (1966b) con-cluded that a hypnotically induced emotion can be considered similar to a naturally occurring one, provided it can be demonstrated that the behavior and test responses of subjects are similar (under the hypnotically induced emotion) to their behavior and test responses under the naturally occurring emotion. They also found that the subject's behavior was different from that In the control state, that each test situation was perceived by the subject as a new experience, and that the effects of acting could be eliminated.

Therapist opens mind to hypnosis

Therapist opens mind to hypnosis

Leslie McCall of En Route Hypnotherapy on Martin Street says hypnotherapy assists in reaching goals that have been unattainable, using positive, self-empowering suggestions. The therapist can help people use their minds to deal with a variety of issues, including health matters.

Mark Brett/Western News


Kristi Patton - Penticton Western News

Published: January 21, 2010 6:00 PM Updated: January 22, 2010 3:41 PM

Don’t expect hypnotherapist Leslie McCall to pull out a gold watch and start wooing you into a state of subconsciousness to get you to cluck like a chicken.

“Hypnotherapy is more of what it is not. You talk about hypnosis and people think Uncle Roy doing the chicken dance,” said McCall. “It’s not that, that is stage hypnosis and that is not what we are about at all. I’m a hypnotherapist and I can do treatments for a multitude of problems.”

McCall opened En Route Hypnotherapy earlier this month in Penticton after graduating from the Pacific Institute of Advanced Hypnotherapy in New Westminister. It was there she took in 160 hours of training learning the theory of the conscious and subconscious mind, how memory works, how brain waves work and practical training hypnotizing people.

The businesswoman and former registered nurse said the brain cycles at about 40 cycles per second when engaged in conversation and drops to four to seven cycles under hypnosis.

“Your conscious mind disengages and wanders while your subconscious mind is what I deal with. When your brain waves are that slow and that relaxed I can put positive suggestions in,” she said.

This is where McCall can assist the client in reaching goals that have been unattainable, using positive, self-empowering suggestions that are accepted by the subconscious mind. Some of the things McCall said hypnotherapy can aid include depression, pain control, allergy relief, fears and phobias, migraines, sports performance, smoking cessation, childbirth, insomnia, exam anxiety and much more.

According to McCall, it is not unheard of to find many top athletes, including Olympians, who use hypnosis to visualize their goals.

“Everybody comes out feeling just great. At my school people would regularly come in just to feel good. You are energized and positive,” she said.

McCall stresses that hypnosis is not mind control and that the client is in control at all times and can get up and leave whenever they wish. And, almost everything that she can help with can be done in one session.

For example someone that wants to quit smoking can book a two-hour session which starts with McCall asking questions regarding why the person wants to quit.

They are then put into a hypnotic state and then she tells the subconscious, which takes the words as truth because it is not analyzed by your conscious mind, how bad smoking is, reaffirms the reasons why you want to quit, provides a method to relax when the client does find they have cravings amongst other things.

“The client often throws their cigarettes in the garbage right away. The change is immediate,” she said.

The client is given a CD to play at night while they are sleeping that reaffirms the positive words McCall has already given.

While there are skeptics out there, McCall said there is overwhelming evidence showing the value of the treatment. She added that in 1958, the Canadian Medical Association and Canadian Psychological Association endorsed hypnosis.

En Route Hypnotherapy is located at 461 Martin St. and McCall can be reached for more information or to make an appointment at 250-497-2047 or by email at leslieamccall@hotmail.com.











What is hypnosis? ---It is movement of brain wave states; I say movement because at any point in time an individual can be drifting through multiple brain wave patterns.

These patterns can be measured as a frequency response and can be measure by an EEG machine.

These frequency responses are described as Beta, Alpha, Theta and Delta. The state of hypnosis is typically related to the Theta brain wave response. However in my opinion theta shows constant vacillation with other brain wave states.

In simplified terms these brain wave states can be measured on a graph. The amplitude or height of the response is indicative of how are mind is functiong. Beta brain waves show a very active mind and therefore they spike the highest on a graph. This the brain wave state that would describe daily activity

Alpha state is slightly meditative; almost a feeling of melancholy if anybody is in to yoga it is the feeling you get right at the end of the class when you take shabasa. You’re not asleep but just floating on that cusp.

We then come to Theta, which is the highly responsive part of the brain that is associated with hypnosis

This state of hypnosis shows less amplitude on our graph due to the fact that the conscious mind is in a state of hibernation. The sub conscious is still hyperactive and very open to suggestion. The conscious mind although in hibernation still knows what is going on but is quite happy to kick back and observe ---If conflict occurs with its personal values it will quickly revert to an active conscious state.

Do not

Although as simple as these sounds this is the best way to think about hypnosis. Far to many people intellectualize the state of hypnosis and subsequently prevent them from experiencing it.

Delta describes a deep deep state of relaxation—This is the brain wave state where we heal and recuperate, where we charge our engines for the following day. It is often difficult to get an individual to awaken from this state. The conscious mind will step in, but it does not like to----It is self-preservation, it knows that it needs deep rest. Do not ignore this restorative state or you will end up physically and emotionally exhausted

As a hypnotist I remove the way of communicating between Beta and Theta. The way we access hypnosis is to travel through alpha- It is the bridge to the hypnotic state. With your permission you allow me to guide you across this bridge –In essence my voice becomes the bridge that carries you to the highly receptive hypnotic state

Although all hypnosis is self-hypnosis autohypnosis for most is still difficult. The need to have a therapist or facilitator takes away the thought process allows for a more successful experience.

Understanding basic brain wave patterns gives a better handle of what hypnosis is. An incredible self-development tool that can have a profound effect on every aspect of our life. Keep hypnosis simple stupid and sit back and reap the rewards.

If you need further information on the subject do not hesitate to call me at 1-800-956-7806 or go to my web page at www.barryjones.com

Hypnosis, local anaesthesia = good outcome

BRUSSELS, June 21 (UPI) -- Using both hypnosis and local anesthesia for some surgery can speed healing and reduce drug use and time spent in hospital, Belgian researchers say.

Fabienne Roelants and Dr. Christine Watremez of Cliniques Universitaires St. Luc in Brussels said in one study, 18 women out of 78 women had hypnosis for a number of breast cancer surgical procedures -- partial mastectomy, examination of lymph nodes and opening the armpit to examine or remove some or all of the lymph nodes. The rest had general anesthesia.

Although the hypnotized patients spent a few minutes more in the operating room, opioid drug use in the first group was greatly diminished, as was time in the recovery room and in the hospital, the researchers said.

In the thyroid study, the researchers compared the outcomes of 18 patients in the local anesthesia/hypnosis group with 36 who had general anesthesia and the results were similar.

"In addition to reducing drug use and hospital stay time, being able to avoid general anesthesia in breast cancer surgery is important because we know that local anesthesia can block the body's stress response to surgery and could therefore reduce the possible spread of metastases," Roelants said.

The findings were presented at the European Anaesthesiology Congress in Amsterdam.

© 2011 United Press International, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Any reproduction, republication, redistribution and/or modification of any UPI content is expressly prohibited without UPI's prior written consent.